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IFR MUST KNOWS!

Additional Information

Minimum Aeronautical Experience required for instrument rating:

50 hours of x-country PIC time.

10 of which hours in airplanes.

40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time.

15 hours with a CFII 

including one x-country flight 

250 NM

along airways or by directed ATC routing

and instrument approach at each airport. 3 different kinds of approaches using nav systems

with a filed IFR flight plan.

3 hours in the last 2 calendar months prior to the practical test.

61.65


Personal Documents Required for Flight

*Pilot Certificate 

*Medical Certificate

*Authorized Photo ID

*Restricted radiotelephone operator license (flights outside of us)

Aircraft documents required for flight


A.R.R.O.W

*Airworthiness Certificate

*Registration Certificate

*Radio Station Lic (international flights)

*Operating limitations

*Weight and Balance

Aircraft Maintenance inspection required for IFR


A.V.I.A.T.E.

Annual Inspection every 12 months (91.409)

VOR every 30 days (91.171)

100 hour inspection (91.409)

Altimeter, altitude reporting and static system every 24 months (91.413)

Transponder every 24 months (91.413)

ELT every 12 months (91.207)

PreFlight info Required for IFR


W.K.R.A.F.T.

Weather reports and forecast

Known Traffic Delays as advised by ATC

Runways lengths of intended use

Alternatives 

Fuel requirements

Take off and landing performance

PreFlight self-assessment


I.M S.A.F.E.

Illness

Medication

Stress

Alcohol 

Fatigue

Emotion


Risk Management and personal Minimums

P.A.V.E.

Pilot

Aircraft

EnVironment 

External Pressure


Logging Instrument time

A person may log instrument time only for that flight time when the person operates at the aircraft 

solely by reference to instruments under actual or simulated instrument flight conditions. 








PIC ReCENCY ExPERIENCE

6 HITS RULE!

Last 6 calendar months 

6 instrument approaches

Holding

Intercept 

Track Courses through the use of electronic navigation systems.


Not current looking back 6 months?  You can still log the requirements (6Hits) under the hood with a  safety pilot, instructor or examiner.


Looking back 12 months not current? You need a instrument proficiency check IPC by a CFII, examiner or approved person. 


To carry passengers as PIC!


3 take offs and landings in last 90 days in same category , class and type.

At periods between 1 hour after sunset and 1 hour before sunrise 3 take offs and landings to a FULL STOP in the last 90 days.


To act as PIC - Flight review in the last 24 calendar months


ODP Obstacle Departure Procedure

Aim 5-2-8


Only provides obstruction clearance 

May be flown without ATC clearance unless a SID or other instructions are assigned. (example radar vectors)


SID Standard Instrument Departure


Provides obstruction clearance and helps reduce radio congestion.


STAR

Standard Terminal Arrivals

Transition from en route structure to a point from which an approach begins.



IFR Flight plan


Required before entering controlled airspace under IFR. Clearance is required.  Stored for 1.5 hours from time of departure.


Cancel a flight plan


Towered airports automatically cancel for you by ATC

Non Towered you must cancel!

Contact FSS or ATC

Cancel anytime out of IMC or Class A airspace.


IFR Min Altitudes


Mountainous Areas 2000ft above highest obstacle 4nm of course. 

Non Mountainous 1000ft above highest obstacle within 4nm of course.



















MORE!

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HOLDING PATTERN

6000 MSL and below 1 min legs 200 Kias

6001 to 14,000 MSL 230 Kias

14,001 MSL and above 265 Kias

Altitude Types

pressure altitude

Indicated altitude when altimeter is set to 29.92(1013.2mb). Used above 18,000 feet. 

density altitude

Pressure altitude 29.92 corrected for non-standard temperature.  ( Aircraft performance) 

Low density increases performance and high density lowers performance.


Density altitude is the altitude the aircraft thinks its flying at. Hot days are the worst for performance of your aircraft.

Warmer air is thinner thank colder air.

INDICTATED altitude

Is what the altimeter reads when the local pressure / altimeter setting is set.


True altitude

Actual height above MSL




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Absolute altitude

AGL Actual height above ground level.  Subtract the terrain elevation from true altitude.

calibrated altitude

Indicated altitude corrected for static pressure error, and instrument error.

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Static Instrument blockage

AIRSPEED

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 Pitot  ram air source and drain hole blocked  

Increases with altitude gain and decreases with altitude loss.


Pitot  ram air source blocked  and drain hole open  

Airspeed displays  zero  knots   


Static  Source  Blocked  

 Decreases with altitude gain and increases with altitude loss 


 Both static and pitot  sources blocked 

 All indication remain constant regardless of the change in airspeed,  altitude or vertical speed  

altitude

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Unaffected 

vSI

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Unaffected 

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