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Minimum Aeronautical Experience required for instrument rating:
50 hours of x-country PIC time.
10 of which hours in airplanes.
40 hours of actual or simulated instrument time.
15 hours with a CFII
including one x-country flight
along airways or by directed ATC routing
and instrument approach at each airport. 3 different kinds of approaches using nav systems
with a filed IFR flight plan.
3 hours in the last 2 calendar months prior to the practical test.
Personal Documents Required for Flight
*Authorized Photo ID
*Restricted radiotelephone operator license (flights outside of us)
Aircraft documents required for flight
*Radio Station Lic (international flights)
*Weight and Balance
Aircraft Maintenance inspection required for IFR
Annual Inspection every 12 months (91.409)
VOR every 30 days (91.171)
100 hour inspection (91.409)
Altimeter, altitude reporting and static system every 24 months (91.413)
Transponder every 24 months (91.413)
ELT every 12 months (91.207)
PreFlight info Required for IFR
Weather reports and forecast
Known Traffic Delays as advised by ATC
Runways lengths of intended use
Take off and landing performance
Risk Management and personal Minimums
Logging Instrument time
A person may log instrument time only for that flight time when the person operates at the aircraft
solely by reference to instruments under actual or simulated instrument flight conditions.
6 HITS RULE!
Last 6 calendar months
6 instrument approaches
Track Courses through the use of electronic navigation systems.
Not current looking back 6 months? You can still log the requirements (6Hits) under the hood with a safety pilot, instructor or examiner.
Looking back 12 months not current? You need a instrument proficiency check IPC by a CFII, examiner or approved person.
To carry passengers as PIC!
3 take offs and landings in last 90 days in same category , class and type.
At periods between 1 hour after sunset and 1 hour before sunrise 3 take offs and landings to a FULL STOP in the last 90 days.
To act as PIC - Flight review in the last 24 calendar months
ODP Obstacle Departure Procedure
Only provides obstruction clearance
May be flown without ATC clearance unless a SID or other instructions are assigned. (example radar vectors)
SID Standard Instrument Departure
Provides obstruction clearance and helps reduce radio congestion.
Standard Terminal Arrivals
Transition from en route structure to a point from which an approach begins.
IFR Flight plan
Required before entering controlled airspace under IFR. Clearance is required. Stored for 1.5 hours from time of departure.
Cancel a flight plan
Towered airports automatically cancel for you by ATC
Non Towered you must cancel!
Contact FSS or ATC
Cancel anytime out of IMC or Class A airspace.
IFR Min Altitudes
Mountainous Areas 2000ft above highest obstacle 4nm of course.
Non Mountainous 1000ft above highest obstacle within 4nm of course.
6000 MSL and below 1 min legs 200 Kias
6001 to 14,000 MSL 230 Kias
14,001 MSL and above 265 Kias
Indicated altitude when altimeter is set to 29.92(1013.2mb). Used above 18,000 feet.
Pressure altitude 29.92 corrected for non-standard temperature. ( Aircraft performance)
Low density increases performance and high density lowers performance.
Density altitude is the altitude the aircraft thinks its flying at. Hot days are the worst for performance of your aircraft.
Warmer air is thinner thank colder air.
Is what the altimeter reads when the local pressure / altimeter setting is set.
Actual height above MSL
AGL Actual height above ground level. Subtract the terrain elevation from true altitude.
Indicated altitude corrected for static pressure error, and instrument error.
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Pitot ram air source and drain hole blocked
Increases with altitude gain and decreases with altitude loss.
Pitot ram air source blocked and drain hole open
Airspeed displays zero knots
Static Source Blocked
Decreases with altitude gain and increases with altitude loss
Both static and pitot sources blocked
All indication remain constant regardless of the change in airspeed, altitude or vertical speed